Bottom line. The FDA is the 600 pound gorilla, when it comes to what's on the food labels in the grocery store in the US (unless meat is involved. Then it's the USDA.) Several pages back, we discussed the idea that what the FDA cares about may be irrelevant to me, and what I care about may be a big don't care for the FDA. (GMO is a fine example, IMO.) If organic were my top priority, I wouldn't stop at FDA certification, because the FDA's standards don't measure up to mine. That's why it's important to be informed about what the labels actually mean. Organic gardening, in my observation, is a totally separate issue. People like my Mom are a bunch of small-time farmers growing food the old-fashioned way, without chemicals or GMO or other food additives. Organic gardeners in many cases, IMHO, don't need FDA approval. They just do what they've been doing all their lives. They grow food without adding chemicals. Done and done.